Bingen

65 km

Koblenz

97 km

Brühl

20 km

Cologne

71 km

Aachen

128 km

Essen

World Heritage in numbers

Essen Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex

World Heritage Site since 2001

Years Zeche Zollverein was in operation from 1851 to 1986

Maximum amount of coal mined daily 12,000 tons

Number of miners in 1851 256

Number of miners in the 1950s over 7,000

Number of miners in 1986 3,500